There were many big developments in the Vanessa Guillén murder this week, including legislation introduced on Thursday, July 30. The family of Vanessa Guillén and their lawyer, Natalie Khawam, had a press conference on July 30 timed with introduction of a bill in Guillén’s name. The #IAmVanessaGuillen Bill addresses some major problems in how the military handles sexual assault and sexual harassment cases. Before she was murdered, Guillén had told her family at least two superiors had harassed her on base, one stalking her. She had been afraid to report them. Also exposed by her case are problems with the way the military investigates (or doesn’t investigate) disappearances of service members. The family also demanded a congressional investigation into Vanessa’s death, and that is being set up. Now is the time to make changes and there is movement on many fronts.
NC NOW’s article, “The Military Failed #VanessaGuillen and Others. It Must Do Better.” described the slow search for Specialist Vanessa Guillén, whose body was not discovered until over two months after her disappearance on April 22. The family fought for help and conducted their own searches the whole time. Meanwhile, anger and frustration with the military led to a military #MeToo movement, with current and veteran servicewomen and servicemen sharing stories online of sex crimes they had suffered in the military using the hashtag #IAmVanessaGuillen and #NoMas. The uproar continues with vigils and protests around the country, including three protests in Raleigh on July 25.
Sex Crimes Handled Badly By Military
The proposed legislation would change the way sex crimes are handled by the military so other victims are not afraid to report them and also so perpetrators are more likely to be punished. The proposed legislation allows service members to make reports of sexual assault and harassment through a third party who could investigate without facing conflicts of interest that exist under current protocols.
The situation caught the attention of President Trump. Fox News reported Trump met with slain Fort Hood soldier Vanessa Guillen’s family at the White House, and says he backs congressional bill named for her. At this meeting, Trump offered to pay for the funeral with his personal funds. The family rejected the idea of a military funeral. Trump met with the family during Congressman John Lewis’ funeral, which he did not attend.
According to Fox News, Guillén’s mother, Gloria Guillén said, “If the president of the nation wants to make history together with my daughter, he’ll make sure that the devil base is closed.”
Three Fort Hood Soldiers’ Bodies Found in a Month
Guillén is not the only soldier to disappear from Fort Hood, only to be found murdered. Three were found recently and this map shows where. Near Killeen (next to Fort Hood) is person 1, Gregory Wedel Morales, who disappeared only a few weeks before he was supposed to leave the Army. Guillén is person 2. Pvt. Mehjor Morta is person 3. By July 2, a petition to close down Fort Hood had over 264,000 signatures. By July 30, this petition had over 989,000 signatures.
Investigations on Base and By Congress
On July 29, lawmakers held the first congressional hearing regarding Guillén and sexual harassment on the base, which was led by California Congresswoman Jackie Speier.
Progress was made in another area as well. According to a July 30 ABC News report “Army ready to begin broad review at Fort Hood in wake of Guillén murder,” the Army plans to review the command climate and culture at Fort Hood, Texas. The Army has named the five members of the independent panel to do the review.
The Latino Community is Outraged
The Latino community is especially outraged about how Guillén and other soldiers are unsafe on American soil, at American military bases. Many of the protests have been organized by young Latinas.
The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) got involved in Guillén’s case in June and later insisted the Army look for Gregory Wedel Morales as well. They later pressured the Army to clear Morales’ name. On Jun 29, LULAC warned women, especially Latinas, not to join up while it is so unsafe for them.
Vanessa Guillén’s case has exposed sexual harassment and murder going unsolved for months, and no one looking out for service members’ interests. Without the pressure from the Guillén family and the online service member, the bodies of Guillén, Morales and Morta would not have been found. No one had been looking; they had been branded deserters when they were murder victims. The military must make bases safer for all of our service members. The #IAmVanessaGuillen Bill will allow some repair of a broken system and readjustment of military culture with regard to sex crimes. Congressional investigation and investigation into handling of Guillén case should force more improvements and safety on military bases via legislation. Service members should not need to fear for their physical safety, their mental health, or even their lives at military bases.
Update: Another missing soldier from Fort Hood is found dead in late August – Sergeant Elder Fernandes. He had been missing for a week when found. His mother and aunt were en route to look for him. His body was found hanging from a tree by a passerby. Read more in the Boston Globe. Attorney Natalie Khawam is helping the family in this case also.
- “Trump did not attend John Lewis’ funeral. Here are 4 other major funerals he missed while president.” 7/30/20, Business Insider, https://www.businessinsider.com/trump-did-not-attend-john-lewis-funeral-other-major-funerals-he-missed-2020-7
- “Congresswoman Jackie Speier to Chair First Hearing on Sexual Harassment Suffered by SPC Vanessa Guillén, Others at Fort Hood,” 7/22/20, speier.house.gov, https://speier.house.gov/2020/7/congresswoman-jackie-speier-to-chair-first-hearing-on-sexual-harassment-suffered-by-spc-vanessa-guill-n-others-at-fort-hood
- “U.S. Army Reinstates Slain Latino Soldier Following LULAC Meeting,” lulac.org, 7/19/20, https://lulac.org/news/pr/US_Army_Reinstates_Slain_Latino_Soldier_Following_LULAC_Meeting/index.html
- “Army ready to begin broad review at Fort Hood in wake of Guillen murder,” 7/30/20, ABC News, https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/army-ready-begin-broad-review-fort-hood-wake/story?id=72067393
- “Trump meets with slain Fort Hood soldier Vanessa Guillen’s family, backs congressional bill named for her,” 7/30/20, Fox News, https://www.foxnews.com/us/trump-meeting-vanessa-guillen-family-fort-hood-sexual-harassment
- “Family of Vanessa Guillen announces legislation, demands change,” 7/30/20, Stars and Stripes, https://www.stripes.com/news/us/family-of-vanessa-guillen-announces-legislation-demands-change-1.639425
- “Three Protests in Raleigh for Justice for Vanessa Guillen on 7/25/20,” 7/27/20, NC NOW website, https://northcarolinanow.wordpress.com/2020/07/27/three-protests-in-raleigh-for-justice-for-vanessa-guillen-on-7-25-20/
- “Map: Body of third Fort Hood soldier discovered,” 7/22/20, The Mercury News, https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/07/22/map-body-of-third-fort-hood-soldier-discovered/
- The Military Failed #VanessaGuillen and Others, Must Do Better, 7/8/20, NC NOW website, https://northcarolinanow.wordpress.com/2020/07/08/the-military-failed-vanessaguillen-must-do-better/
- “U.S. Army Reinstates Slain Latino Soldier Following LULAC Meeting,” July 2020, LULAC website, https://lulac.org/news/pr/US_Army_Reinstates_Slain_Latino_Soldier_Following_LULAC_Meeting/index.html
- “LULAC president urges Latinas not to join the military after the disappearance of Vanessa Guillen,” 6/29/20, KENS-5 TV, https://www.kens5.com/article/news/national/military-news/lulac-natl-president-domingo-garcia-says-the-military-is-not-protecting-female-soldiers-vanessa-guillen-disappeared-from-fort-hood-two-months-ago/287-b8a1c16b-36ca-4ab5-a2b9-a5bac0bc97ef